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|Cooper, G. C. (2001). Stylistic features in the speech of a group of middle-aged African American Females presented at Georgetown University Round table on Linguistics. Washington, D.C., March.|
|___________(2000). Redefining and re-employing Black language: A study of the African oral tradition in the standard language of some middle-aged females with African ancestry. Zora Neale Hurston Society Conference. Baltimore, MD, June .|
|____________(1999) Influence of African Oral Tradition in the Language of Some Upper Middle Class African
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|____________(1989) Cognitive styles reflected in the language of black women writers. Delaware State Women's
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|____________(1988) Can I get a witness? Oral tradition in Black women's preaching. College Language Association conference (CLA), April.|
|Dance, D. (Ed.) (1998). Honey Hush: An Anthology of African American Women's Humor. Norton .|
|Davis, O. I. (1994). It be's hard sometimes: The rhetorical invention of Black female persona in pre-emancipatory
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|Gates, H. L., Jr. (Ed.). (1988). Collected Black women's narratives. New York: Oxford University Press.|
|Goodwin, M. H. (1992). Orchestrating participation in events. Power talk among African American girls. In K. Hall, M. Bucholtz and B. Moonwoman (Eds.). In Language power. Proceedings of the 1992 Berkeley women and language group, 182-196. Berkeley. Berkeley Women and Language Group, University of California, Linguistics Department.|
|_________ (1991). He Said, She Said. Indiana University Press.|
|Goss, L. and Barnes, M. E. (Eds.). (1989). Talk that talk: An anthology of African-American storytelling. New York
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|Hall, K. R. and M. Bucholtz (Eds.) (1995). Gender articulated: language and the socially constructed self. New
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|Houston, M. (with O. I.. Davis) (2001). Centering ourselves: African-American feminist and womanist studies of discourse. Hampton Press, Inc. 2001.|
|Hudson, B. H. (2001). African American female speech communities: varieties of talk. (Bergin and Garvey) Westport
CT: Greenwood Publishing.
|__________. (2000). A description of the language of a select group of well-educated, middle-aged African
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|__________. (1994) Representations of African American female speech in literature written by African American females. Presented at the College Language Association. Conference (CLA). April 13-16.|
|__________. (1994). Varieties of language use in African American female communities. Presented at National Conference Black Women in the Academy: Defending Our Name 1984-1994. January 13-15.|
|_________. (1989). Names, titles, labels, endearments, and other address forms in Black female speech communities.
Presented at Delaware State College's Women in Society Lecture Series. Dover, Delaware ,March.
|___________ (1988) Address forms in Black female speech communities. Presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English (NWAVE) XVII Conference, Montreal, Quebec. October,|
|Jewell, T. L. (Ed.) (1993). The Black woman's gumbo ya-ya: Quotations by Black women. The Crossing Press, Inc.|
|Knadler, S. (2001). E-racing difference in e-space: black female subjectivity and the web-based portfolio. In Computers
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|Lanehart, S. L. (2002). Sista, Speak! Austin: University of Texas Press.|
|Logan, S. W. (1999). We are coming: The persuasive discourse of nineteenth-century Black Women. Carbondale,
IL. Southern University Press.
|Morgan, M. (1991). Indirectness and Interpretation in African American Women's Discourse: Pragmatics 1 (4), 421-51.|
|Nelson, L. W. (1992). Cultural context and cultural code in the oral life narratives on African American Women: An
Ethnography of Speaking. Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI). August 53(2): 544A.
|Nichols, P. C. (1983) Linguistic options and choices for black women in the rural South In B. Thorne, C. Kramarae
and N. Henley (Ed.) Language , Gender, and Society 54-60. Newberry House Pub, Inc.
|Parker. P.S. (forthcoming Oct 2003) African American women's executive leadership communication within
dominant-culture orginzations. In. R. Johnson et al. (Eds.). African American communicatiion identities. Sage.
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Penfield, (Ed). Women and language in transition) 180-195. New York . State University of New York Press.
|Stanback, M . H. (1985). Language and black woman's place: evidence from the black middle class. In P.A. Treichler, C. Kramarae and B. Stafford (Eds.) For Alma Mater. Theory and practice in feminist scholarship. 77-103. Urbana IL: University of Illinois Press.|
|Scott, K. D. (2000). Crossing cultural borders: "girl" and "look" as markers of identity in Black women's language use. In Discourse and Society; An International Journal for the Study Of Discourse and Communication in their Social, Political and
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|Taylor, T. ( August 1997). The persistence of difference in networked classrooms: Non-negotiable difference and the African American student. In Computers and Composition (14) 2 169-78|
|Troutman, D. E. (2000). We be strong women: A womanist analyst of Black women?s sociolinguistic behavior. In
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|______________ (1999) Breaking mythical bonds: African American women's language . In R. Wheeler (Ed.). The
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|LANGUAGE AND GENDER|
|Coates, J. (1986). Women, men, and language: A sociolinguisticaccount of sex differences in language. New York: Longman.|
|Graddol, D. and; Swann, J. (1989). Gender voices. New York: Language and Ethnic Group.|
|Hudson, B. H. (1987). Narratives, monologues and dialogues: Examining literary texts for differences in male/female
language use. Presented at the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), Los Angeles, CA. November 20
|___________. (1987). Speech stereotypes in fiction by Black female writers. Presented at National Women's Studies Association (NWSA) Conference, Weaving Women's Colors: A Decade of Empowerment. Spellman College, Atlanta, Georgia, June 24-28.|
|__________ (1985).. Language and stereotype. The Black woman writer and the community. Presented at the Black
Woman Writer and the Diaspora Conference at University of Michigan. East Lansing, Michigan. October 27-30.
|__________. (1985) Speech stereotypes in novels by Black women novelists. in EAPSU Proceedings: The Old and
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|___________. (1984). A descriptive study of male and female speech stereotypes on selected television shows with predominantly black characters. Dissertation Abstracts International 44 309A. University Microfilms No. DA8404047.|
|Key, M. R. (1975). Male/female language. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press.|
|Kramarae, C. (1981). Women and men speaking: Frameworks for analysis. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.|
|Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and woman?s place. New York: Harper and; Row.|
|Penfield, J. (Ed.). (1987). Women and language in transition. New York: State University of New York Press.|
|Smith, P. M. (1985). Language, the sexes and society. New York : Basil Blackwell.|
|Thorne, B., Kramarae, C., and Henley, N. (Eds.). (1983). Language, gender, and society. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.|
|Trudgill, P. (1983). Sociolinguistics: An introduction to language and society. New York: Penguin.|
|AFRICAN AMERICAN (BLACK) COMMUNICATION|
|Baugh, J. (1983). Black street speech: Its history, structure, and survival. Austin: University of Texas Press .|
|Cooper, G. C. (1993). Language in Morrison's novels. MAWA Review 8 (1), 27-31.|
|Daniel, J. L. (Ed.). (1974). Black communication: Dimensions of research and instruction. New York: Speech Communication Association.|
|Dillard, J. L. (1972). Black English: Its history and usage in the United States. New York: Random House|
|Hecht, M., R.L. Jackson and S. A. Ribeau (Eds.) (2003). African American communication: Exploring identity and culture. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.|
|Johnson, R. (forthcoming Oct 2003). African American Communication and Identities: Essential Readings. Sage Publications.|
|Labov, W. (1973) Language in the inner city. Philadelphia, PA. University of Pennsylvania.|
|Major, C. (Ed.). (1994). Juba To Jive. New York: Penquin Books.|
|Mitchell-Kernan C. (1986). Signifying and marking two Afro-American speech acts. In J.J. Gumperz and D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in socialinquistics: The ethnography of communications. New York: Basil Blackwell, Inc.|
|Morgan, M. (2002). Language, discourse and power in African American culture. Cambridge University Press.|
|Rickford, J. R. and; A. Rickford (1976). Cut-eye and suck-teeth: African words and gestures in New World guise. Journal of American Folklore. 89, 294-301.|
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|Smitherman, G. (1994). Black Talk : Words and phrases from the hood to the amen corner. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co|
|Taylor, O. L. (1974). Black language: The research dimension. In J. L. Daniel (Ed.), Black communication: dimensions of research and instructions (pp. 145-159). New York: Speech Communication Association.|
|LINGUISTICS / SOCIOLINGUISTICS|
|Chaika, E. (1982). Language: The social mirror. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.|
|Clark, V. P., Eschholz, P. A, and Rosa, A. F. (1998) (Eds.), Language: Introductory readings. 6th ed. New York: St. Martin's Press.|
|Fasold, R. (1984). The sociolinguistics of society. New York: Basil Blackwell.|
|Fasold, R. (1990). The sociolinguistics of language. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.|
|Glowka, A. W. and Lance, D. M. (1993). Language variation in North American English: Research and teaching. New York: Modern Language Association.|
|Hudson, B. H. (1993). Sociolinguistic analysis of dialogues and first-person narratives in fiction. In A. W. Glowka and D. M. Lance (Eds.), Language variation in North American English: Research and teaching (28-36). New York: Modern Language|
|Labov, W. (1981). The study of nonstandard English In V.P. Clark, a. Escholz and A. F. Rosa (Eds.) Language: Introductory readings. New York: St. Martin's Press.|
|Wolfram, W. (1991). Dialects and American English. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.|