Abrahams, R. D. (1975),  Negotiating respect:  Patterns of presentation among Black women.  In C.R. Farrar (Ed.). 
Women and Folklore 58-80.  Austin:  University of Texas Press.
Ball, A. F. (1992). The discourse of power and solidarity: language features of African American females and a male program leader in a neighborhood-based youth dance program. In .  In K. Hall, M. Bucholtz & B. Moonwoman  (Eds.) Language Power:  Proceedings of the 1992 Berkeley Women and Language Group, 23-35. Berkeley:  Berkeley Women and Language Group, University of California, Linguistics Department
Carroll, R. (Ed.).  (1997).  Sugar in the raw:  Voices of  young black girls in America. Crown Pub.
Cooper, G. C. (2001). Stylistic features in the speech of a group of middle-aged African American Females presented at Georgetown University Round table on Linguistics.  Washington, D.C., March.
___________(2000). Redefining and re-employing Black language:  A study of the African oral tradition in the standard language of some middle-aged females with African ancestry.    Zora Neale Hurston Society Conference.  Baltimore, MD, June .
____________(1999) Influence of African Oral Tradition in the Language of Some Upper Middle Class African
American Females.  Second International Conference on Africa and the Diaspora. Washington, D.C. October.
____________(1989) Cognitive styles reflected in the language of black women writers.  Delaware State Women's
Conference.  Dover, March.
____________(1988) Can I get a witness? Oral tradition in Black women's preaching. College Language Association  conference (CLA), April.
Dance, D. (Ed.) (1998).  Honey Hush:  An Anthology of African American Women's Humor.   Norton .
Davis, O. I. (1994).  It be's hard sometimes:  The rhetorical invention of Black female persona in pre-emancipatory
Slave narratives.  Dissertation University of Nebraska
Davis, R.  T.  (Summer 2000).  African American females' voices in the classroom: young sisters making connections
through literature.  In
New Advocate (13) 3 259-71.
Duncan, V.  (1998).  Achieving Maat:  communication patterns in African American, European Americans, and
interracial relationships. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co.
Fordham, S. (1993). Those loud black girls : ( black ) women, silence and  gender passing in the academy.  In
Anthology and Education Quarterly. 24:1
Foster, M.  (1992). Are you with me?: power, solidarity, and community in the discourse of  African American women.  In K. Hall and M. Bucholtz, and B. Moonwoman  ( Eds.) .  Locating power.  Women and language group, Berkeley.  Berkeley Women and Language Group, University of California, Linguistics Department.
Gates, H. L., Jr. (Ed.). (1988). Collected Black women's narratives. New York: Oxford University Press.
Goodwin,  M.  H. (1992).  Orchestrating participation in events.  Power talk among African American girls.  In K. Hall, M. Bucholtz  and B. Moonwoman (Eds.). In Language power. Proceedings of the  1992 Berkeley women and  language group, 182-196.  Berkeley. Berkeley Women and Language Group, University of California, Linguistics Department.
_________ (1991).  He Said, She Said.  Indiana University Press.
Goss, L.  and Barnes, M. E. (Eds.). (1989). Talk that talk: An anthology of African-American storytelling.  New York
Simon and Schuster.
Hall, K. R. and M. Bucholtz (Eds.)  (1995).  Gender articulated:  language and the socially constructed self.  New
York. Routledge.
Houston, M.  (Spring 2000). Multiple perspectives: African American women conceive their talk  In Women and
23(1): 11-17.
Houston, M.  (with O. I.. Davis) (2001).  Centering ourselves:  African-American feminist and womanist studies of discourse. Hampton Press, Inc. 2001.
Hudson, B. H. (2001).  African American female speech communities: varieties of talk. (Bergin  and Garvey) Westport
CT:  Greenwood Publishing.
__________. (2000).  A description of the language of a select group of well-educated, middle-aged African
American Females .  Presented  on Panel "No One Black English" at College Language Association (CLA)
Conference. Baltimore, Md.  April 6
__________. (1994) Representations of African American female speech in literature written by African  American females. Presented at the College Language Association. Conference (CLA).  April 13-16.                                               
__________. (1994). Varieties of  language use in African American female communities. Presented at National Conference Black Women in the Academy:  Defending Our Name 1984-1994.  January 13-15.
_________. (1989). Names, titles, labels, endearments, and other address forms in Black female speech communities.
Presented at Delaware State College's Women in Society Lecture Series.  Dover, Delaware ,March.
___________ (1988) Address forms in Black female speech communities. Presented at New Ways of Analyzing Variation in English (NWAVE) XVII Conference, Montreal, Quebec. October,
Jewell, T. L. (Ed.) (1993).  The Black woman's gumbo ya-ya:  Quotations by Black women. The Crossing Press, Inc.
Knadler, S. (2001). E-racing difference in e-space: black female subjectivity and the web-based  portfolio.  In Computers
and Composition. (18)3:  235-55.
Lanehart, S. L. (2002).  Sista, Speak! Austin: University of Texas Press.
Logan, S. W. (1999).  We are coming:  The persuasive discourse of nineteenth-century Black Women.  Carbondale,
IL.  Southern University Press.
Morgan,  M.  (1991).  Indirectness and Interpretation in African American Women's Discourse:  Pragmatics  1 (4), 421-51.
Nelson, L. W.  (1992). Cultural context and cultural code in the oral life narratives on African American Women:  An
Ethnography of Speaking.  Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI).  August 53(2): 544A.
Nichols, P. C. (1983)  Linguistic options and choices for black women in the rural South In B. Thorne, C. Kramarae
and N. Henley  (Ed.)  
Language , Gender, and Society 54-60.  Newberry House Pub, Inc.
Parker. P.S. (forthcoming Oct 2003) African American women's executive leadership communication within
dominant-culture orginzations.  In. R. Johnson et al. (Eds.).
African American communicatiion identities. Sage.
Robins, K. N.  and Adenika, T. J. (1987). Informal conversation topics among urban Afro-American women. In J.
Penfield, (Ed).
Women and language in transition) 180-195.  New York . State University of New York Press.
Stanback, M . H. (1985). Language and  black woman's place:  evidence from the black middle class.  In P.A.  Treichler, C. Kramarae and B. Stafford (Eds.) For Alma Mater.  Theory and practice in feminist scholarship. 77-103. Urbana IL:  University of Illinois Press.
Scott, K.  D. (2000).  Crossing cultural borders:  "girl" and "look"  as markers of identity in Black women's language use.  In Discourse and  Society;  An International Journal for the Study Of  Discourse and Communication in their Social, Political and
Cultural Context
. (11) 2, 237-248.
Taylor, T.  ( August 1997).  The persistence of difference in networked classrooms: Non-negotiable difference and the African American student. In Computers and Composition (14) 2 169-78
Troutman, D. E. (2000).  We be strong women:  A womanist analyst of Black women?s sociolinguistic behavior.  In
M. Houston and O. I. Davis (Eds)
Centering ourselves:  african american feminist and womanist studies of discourse.
Hampton Press, Inc.
______________ (1999) Breaking mythical bonds:  African American women's language . In R. Wheeler (Ed.). The
workings of language:  from prescriptions to perspectives.
Coates, J. (1986). Women, men, and language: A sociolinguisticaccount of sex differences in language. New York:  Longman.
Graddol, D. and; Swann, J. (1989). Gender voices. New York: Language and Ethnic Group.
Hudson, B. H.  (1987).  Narratives, monologues and dialogues:  Examining literary texts for differences in  male/female
language use.  Presented at the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE), Los Angeles, CA.  November 20
___________. (1987). Speech stereotypes in fiction by Black female writers. Presented at National Women's Studies Association (NWSA) Conference, Weaving Women's Colors:  A Decade of Empowerment.  Spellman College, Atlanta, Georgia, June 24-28.
__________ (1985).. Language and stereotype.  The Black woman writer and the community.  Presented at the Black
Woman Writer and the Diaspora Conference at University of Michigan.  East Lansing, Michigan.  October 27-30.
__________. (1985) Speech stereotypes in novels by Black women novelists. in EAPSU  Proceedings: The Old and
The New.  Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania.  October 23-24.
___________. (1984).  A descriptive study of male and female speech stereotypes on selected television shows with predominantly black characters.  Dissertation Abstracts International 44 309A.  University Microfilms No. DA8404047.
Key, M. R. (1975). Male/female language. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press.
Kramarae, C. (1981). Women and men speaking: Frameworks for analysis. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and woman?s place. New York: Harper and; Row. 
Penfield, J. (Ed.). (1987). Women and language in transition. New York: State University of New York Press.
Smith, P. M. (1985). Language, the sexes and society. New York : Basil Blackwell.
Thorne, B., Kramarae, C., and  Henley, N. (Eds.). (1983). Language, gender, and society. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Trudgill, P. (1983). Sociolinguistics: An introduction to language and society. New York: Penguin.
Baugh, J. (1983). Black street speech: Its history, structure, and survival. Austin: University of Texas Press                              .
Cooper, G. C. (1993). Language in Morrison's novels. MAWA Review 8 (1), 27-31.
Daniel, J. L. (Ed.). (1974). Black communication: Dimensions of research and instruction. New York: Speech Communication Association.
Dillard, J. L. (1972). Black English: Its history and usage in the United States. New York: Random House
Hecht, M., R.L. Jackson and  S. A. Ribeau (Eds.) (2003). African American communication: Exploring identity and culture.  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum Associates.
Johnson, R.  (forthcoming Oct 2003). African American Communication and Identities: Essential Readings.  Sage Publications.
Labov,  W. (1973) Language in the inner city. Philadelphia, PA. University of Pennsylvania. 
Major, C. (Ed.).  (1994). Juba To Jive. New York: Penquin Books.
Mitchell-Kernan C. (1986). Signifying and marking two Afro-American speech acts. In J.J. Gumperz and D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in socialinquistics: The ethnography of communications. New York: Basil Blackwell, Inc.
Morgan, M. (2002).  Language, discourse and power in African American culture.  Cambridge University Press.
Rickford, J. R. and; A. Rickford (1976). Cut-eye and suck-teeth:  African  words and gestures in New World guise.  Journal of American Folklore.  89, 294-301.
Samovar L. A. and; R.E. Porter (Eds.) Intercultural communication:  A reader 259-268. Belmont, CA, Wadsworth.
Smitherman, G. (1994). Black Talk : Words and phrases from the hood to the amen corner. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co
Taylor, O. L. (1974). Black language: The research dimension. In J. L. Daniel (Ed.), Black communication: dimensions of research and instructions (pp. 145-159). New York: Speech Communication Association.
Chaika, E. (1982). Language: The social mirror. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Clark, V. P., Eschholz, P. A, and Rosa, A. F. (1998) (Eds.), Language: Introductory readings.  6th ed. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Fasold, R. (1984). The sociolinguistics of society. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Fasold, R. (1990). The sociolinguistics of language. Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.
Glowka, A. W. and Lance, D. M. (1993). Language variation in North American English: Research and teaching. New York: Modern Language Association.
Hudson, B. H. (1993). Sociolinguistic analysis of dialogues and first-person narratives in fiction. In A. W. Glowka and D. M. Lance (Eds.), Language variation in North American English: Research and teaching (28-36). New York: Modern Language
Labov,  W. (1981). The study of nonstandard English In V.P. Clark, a. Escholz and A. F. Rosa (Eds.) Language: Introductory readings. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Wolfram, W. (1991). Dialects and American English. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.